Tag Archives: Debi Hickman

Strokes: the quick and dirty

2 Major Types:

1) Ischemic: blood vessel supplying the brain is obstructed by a clot

  • Embolism
  • Thrombosis 

2) Hemorrhagic: blood vessel bursts, blood leaks throughout brain #1 Risk Factor: High blood Pressure Other Risk Factors:

  • Age
  • Sex: Male
  • Ethnicity: African Americans, Mexican Americans, Hawaiians, Asian Americans
  • Smoking
  • Fat, cholesterol-rich diet
  • Overweight
  • Pregnancy
  • Birth-control Pills
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Renal problems
  • Atrial Fibrillation

Signs of Stroke

  • Sudden, severe headache
  • High blood pressure
  • Problems with vision, reflexes, walking, movement, speaking, coherence
  • Vertigo
  • “Bruit” noise when listening to carotid arteries in neck with stethoscope

Treatment Options:

  • Ischemic: Blood thinners to reduce clots: warfarin, heparin, Coumadin
  • Hemorrhagic: surgery to remove blood in brain, repair damaged blood vessels

Academic life in emergency medicine NIH stroke scale PV card. Great resource:
http://academiclifeinem.blogspot.com/2010/02/paucis-verbis-card-nih-stroke-scale.html

Click continue reading for high yield quickhits on a few specific types of stroke and brain imaging examples Continue reading

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